Types of Grand Pianos – A Comprehensive Guide

As we discussed in other articles, there are two basic piano categories: horizontal and vertical. Check here for different types of vertical pianos. All grand pianos fall into the horizontal piano category. But do you know that there are different types of grand pianos?

The grand piano is an iconic musical instrument that has been a staple in many genres of music for centuries. The unique sound and beautiful design make it a favorite among pianists and music enthusiasts.

This article will explore the various types of grand pianos and what sets them apart.

Petite Grand Piano

types of grand pianos: petite kawai GL10

The petite grand piano is the smallest type of grand piano that measures between 4 and 5 feet long. It is designed to deliver a warm, delicate sound well-suited for small rooms and spaces. The petite grand piano is popular for home use and is often in living rooms, music rooms, and other intimate settings.

Generally speaking, a new petite grand piano can cost anywhere from $10,000 to $30,000, depending on the brand and model. On the other hand, there are also used or vintage petite grand pianos available on the market, which can be less expensive depending on their age, condition, and history.

Shorter Keys

The key size of a petite grand piano is typically the same as that of a larger grand piano. The white key is about 23 mm (0.91 inches) wide and 23-24 millimeters (0.9-0.94 inches) tall.

However, the key length may be slightly shorter than that of a larger grand piano due to the smaller size of the instrument itself. This can affect the feel of the keyboard and the way in which the pianist interacts with the instrument.

The keyboard height of a petite grand piano is also the same as other grand piano types. From the floor to the top of the white keys, it is about 29 inches conventionally.

Baby Grand Piano

The baby grand piano is a small grand piano measuring between 5 and 6 feet in length. It normally offers a warm and mellow sound for smaller rooms and spaces. The baby grand piano is a favored choice for home use, as well as for learning studios and small halls.

The price range for a baby grand piano can vary depending on the brand, model, age, and condition of the instrument. Generally, a new baby grand piano can cost anywhere from $15,000 to $100,000. Usually, used or vintage baby grand pianos may cost less depending on their condition and history.

The key size and the keyboard height are mostly the same as other types of grand pianos. The length of the keys may be shorter than the larger types of grand pianos.

Parlor or Medium Grand Piano

types of grand pianos: parlor Baldwin model R

The parlor grand piano is a medium-sized grand piano that measures between 6 and 7 feet in length. It brings a rich and full sound to large rooms and lounges. The parlor grand piano is a popular choice for homes, schools, worship houses, and medium concert halls.

Parlor grand pianos are no longer commonly produced by most piano manufacturers today, but some vintage and antique models are still available on the market.

Used or vintage parlor grand piano prices range from a few thousand dollars to tens of thousands of dollars based on their maintenance, age, past ownership, and usage.

Parlor grand pianos typically have the same key size as other types of grand pianos.

The key size of a grand piano is generally the same across all types and sizes of grand pianos. On the other hand, there may be slight variations depending on the specific model and manufacturer.


A professional grand piano is a high-quality one suitable for use in professional settings such as concert halls, recording studios, and music schools. These pianos have a consistent, high-quality sound across all registers, with a responsive touch and a wide dynamic range.

The size of a professional grand piano can vary depending on the specific model and manufacturer. However, professional grand pianos are generally larger than other types of grand pianos, except for the concert grand pianos. The length of professional grand pianos ranges from 6 to 9 feet and a width of about 5 feet (152 cm).

Many concert halls, recording studios, music conservatories, and other professional settings use professional grand pianos due to their powerful sound and high-quality build.

Therefore, a new professional grand piano can cost anywhere from $50,000 to over $200,000, depending on the brand, size, and specific features.

Semi-Concert Grand Piano

types of grand pianos: semi-concert grand steinway model b

The semi-concert grand piano is slightly smaller than the concert grand piano, measuring between 7 and 9 feet in length. It delivers a powerful sound. Still, it is more versatile and fitting in various musical settings, from large concert halls to intimate recital rooms. The semi-concert grand piano is a popular choice for professional pianists who perform in a variety of venues.

Semi-concert grand pianos are typically larger than baby or parlor grand pianos but smaller than full-concert grand pianos. A new semi-concert grand piano can cost anywhere from $70,000 to over $300,000. The brand, size, and condition mainly determine the used semi-concert grand pianos’ values.

Concert Grand Piano

The concert grand piano is the largest and most powerful of all grand pianos. It measures between 9 and 10 feet in length. The full-sized concert grand piano has the capacity to deliver a rich and powerful sound that can fill large concert halls and auditoriums. The concert grand piano is typically used in professional concert settings and is the preferred instrument for solo performances.

Due to their size and weight, concert grand pianos are usually unsuitable for home use, and they are often in specially designed performance spaces that can accommodate their size and acoustic requirements.

Concert grand pianos are used in professional concert settings, such as concert halls and opera houses, where accomplished pianists and orchestras play them in front of large audiences.

A new concert grand piano can cost anywhere from $100,000 to over $500,000, depending on the maker, size, and specific features.

My Top Picks

There are many excellent grand pianos to choose from, small to large sizes. Here are a few of my favorites.

Image Model Description
Fazioli F308 Fazioli F308
Concert Grand Piano
Crafted by the Italian piano maker Fazioli, the F308 is known for its clarity, precision, and power.
model B Steinway & Sons Model B
Semi-Concert Grand Piano
The Steinway Model B is often called a “baby grand” piano, but it is a semi-concert grand piano due to its size and tonal capabilities. It is known for its warm, rich tone and responsive action and is used by many professional pianists.
CFX Yamaha CFX
Professional Grand Piano 
This Japanese-made piano is a favorite of many pianists and is known for its bright, clear tone and ease of playing.
Model R Baldwin Model R
Parlor Grand Piano
Produced by the Baldwin Piano Company from 1929 to 1972, the Model R is known for its clear, bright tone and sturdy construction.
L167 C. Bechstein Concert L167
Baby Grand Piano
A high-end grand piano produced by the German manufacturer Bechstein. L167 is known for its warm, rich tone and precise touch response.
GL10 Kawai GL10
Petite Grand Piano
It is a high-quality baby grand piano designed to offer a rich, full sound and a responsive touch.


The grand piano is a versatile and beautiful musical instrument that comes in a variety of sizes and styles.

Whether you are a professional musician, a music enthusiast, or simply someone who appreciates the beauty of a well-crafted instrument, there is a grand piano out there for you. By understanding the different types of grand pianos available, you can make an informed decision when selecting the instrument that best meets your needs and preferences.

It’s important to keep in mind that purchasing a piano is a significant investment. Therefore, do your research and consult with a reputable piano dealer or technician before making a purchase. This will ensure you are getting a quality instrument that meets your needs and budget.

Additionally, you also need to take into consideration the cost of moving and maintaining the piano when budgeting for a grand piano.

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